Your wildlife guide

Do you want to study wildlife in Uganda? Do you know the variety of wild animal species, bird species and plant species that you will only find in Uganda?


These are widely spread in Uganda with 13 diurnal species, six of which are guenon monkeys, and 6 nocturnal species. Below is an overview of the several local species.


Identified are 3 subspecies of gorillas, the western lowland gorilla as the most common, the lowland gorilla but not present in Uganda.

The common type in Uganda wildlife is the most threatened mountain gorilla residing in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park with regular visits to Mgahinga Gorilla National Park.

Gorilla is the bulkiest member of the Primate family and may grow up to 1.8m high and weigh up to 210kgs.


Pan troglodytes; Chimpanzees live in large loosely bonded communities around a core of related males headed by a prominent male contrary to the female that is not strongly bonded. Different troops have well-defined core territories that are fiercely guarded by regular boundary patrols.

This black-coated ape is amongst the most intelligent animals and closely related to man than any other living creature. Chimpanzees are typical rain forest and woodland animals living in most of the forests of western Uganda and have been habituated for tourists in Budongo and Kanyiyo Pabidi forests, Kibale Forest National park and the Chamber Gorge in Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Mother-child bonds are strong such that Mother-son relations may survive for over 40 years while the daughters may leave their mothers after reaching maturity. Please, you need to see their Wildlife style in localities.

Chimpanzees are fruit eaters but they sometimes eat meat, in Uganda, it has been observed that chimps hunt for the blue and red-tailed monkeys.



(Cercopithecus aethiops) this has a black face with very distinctive blue male genitals. These monkeys are widely spread in Uganda with four races in existence in and out of national parks but absent from forests and Afro-alpine habitats. 


(Cercopithecus neglectus) This type has a hairy face, a reddish-brown patch around its eyes, white band across its brow, white mustache and beard with a relatively short tail. It is likely to be seen around Mount Elgon and Semuliki national parks.


(Cercopithecus aethiops) the most widely spread in East African forests, it is uniform dark blue-Grey in color, white throat/whichchest patch with thick fur and backward-projecting hair on its forehead. 20 races and more have been identified, three of which are found in most of the Ugandan forests living in troops of between 4-12 animals including the golden monkey common in the bamboo forest at Virunga Mountains.


Cercopithecus lhoesti; this type of monkey is very hard to see because it prefers very dense forests. In Uganda, it is more likely to be seen in the Mara-magambo forest, Kibale forest, Bwindi forest, and Queen Elizabeth National Park. It has a black face with backward projecting white whiskers partially covering its ears and carries its tail in an upright position.


Cercopithecus Ascanius; They have a brownish color, white whiskers, and a coppery tail with a heart-shaped patch on the nose, usually move in small pairs, associate with other monkeys and can accumulate in-groups of up to 200.

These monkeys are usually in Kibale forest, Bwindi forest, Mpanga, and Budongo forest reserves, and Semliki and Queen Elizabeth national parks.


Piliocolobus radius; With a slightly tufted crown, the red colobus monkeys are sociable and usually live in scattered groups of 50 or more animals. 

 These are largely restricted to Kibale Forest National Park especially around Bigodi Wetland sanctuary and a few of them in Semliki National Park. 


Colobus guereza; Perhaps the most common and widely spread forest monkey in Uganda wildlife, it is beautifully marked with a black body, white facial markings, and a long whitetail. It lives in small groups, but most spectacular about it is its high jumping skills and the attractive view of its white tail streaming behind.


Erythrocebus patas; a light reddish-brown coat and a black stripe above the eyes but could easily be confused with Velvet monkey.

The race identified in Uganda wildlife is NILE PATAS are restricted to the dry savannah in Kidepo and Murchison Falls National Parks. It has a lankier build. 


Baboons are larger in size with a dog-like head with males moving frequently in large troops in search for social dominance but in general, they have a rigid social structure

Baboons are widely spread and very common in Uganda with the olive baboon as the only type found in Uganda. They appear in forest reserves, along the roadside and in all apart from three montane national parks.


With nocturnal habits, the potto can be seen in Kibale forest during night guided walks and other major rain forests including Bwindi and Queen Elizabeth National Park.

The Potto is a medium-sized sloth-like creature that spends the night’s foraging upside down on the tree branches and usually located at night by use of a flashlight.


Five bush-baby species are found in Uganda Wildlife with the lesser bush-baby as the most common in all Uganda’s Savannah reserves.

In Kibale and Bwindi forest species identified are; the eastern needled-clawed bush-baby, Thomas bush-baby, and the Dwarf bush-baby, they also appear in Lake Mburo NP and Queen Elizabeth National Parks.

The bush-baby has a pierc ing cry that can be heard especially at night and tracing the cry you can see it by the use of a flashlight meeting its sparkling large eyes.


Bwindi Impenetrable National Park;
One of the top visited parks in Uganda. Activities include gorilla tracking, nature guided walks and forest birding trips. The Rwanmunyoni peak and Mubwindi Swamp trail are renowned for albertine rift endemics including the localized green broadbill.

Semuliki NP;
the alluring bird list with Albertine Rift endemics, semuliki specials and other restricted specials makes semuliki an essential destination for serious birders.

Mgahinga Gorilla Park: keen birders can seek albertine rift valley endemics and other forest birds in a range of scenic locations.

Rwenzori Mountains:

 Look out for the Rwenzori turaco and double collared sunbird and other localized rarities such as the three horned chameleon and Rwenzori colobus.

Queen Elizabeth National Park:
Queen Elizabeth incorporates a variety of fresh water and crater lakes. Classified as an Important Bird Area by Birding International with over 600 of Uganda’s bird species, and the mammals checklist of Queen Elizabeth is up to 95 species.

Murchison Falls National Park:
The Murchison Falls National Park is cut in half by the mighty River Nile as it squeezes itself through a 7-metre gap in a cleft of rock, creating an explosion of white water.

Kibale National Park:
a bird list of 372 forest, grassland, and swamp speciesmaking it a popular destination for birders.

Kidepo Valley National Park:
Kidepo boasts of over 475 bird species second to Queen Elizabeth National Park these include the rose ringed parakeets, clapperton’s francolin, apalis,ostrich,secretary bird, Kori bustard, red throated bee-eaters etc.

Lake Mburo National Park:
The closest savannah reserve to Kampala, Lake Mburo National Park is a prime area for birding ideal territory for the African finfoot.



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